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Gum Recession


Dentist reviewing a digital xray with patient.Gum recession is a condition where the portion of the gum tissue around the teeth pulls back or wears away to reveal more of the tooth or tooth root.

When your gums recede, gaps occur between the teeth and the gum line, which causes bacteria to accumulate. If not treated in time, the tissue and bone structures of the teeth can be seriously compromised, which may ultimately cause a tooth to fall out.

Causes of Gum Recession


Here are some of the major reasons why your gum line may recede:

•  Periodontal disease: This is a bacterial gum infection that erodes the gum tissue and the supporting bone that keeps your teeth in position.
•  Genetics: Some people may be at a higher risk of gum disease than others, no matter how well they maintain their teeth.
•  Aggressive brushing: If you brush your teeth too strongly or in the wrong directions, the enamel of your teeth may wear off and cause your gums to pull away.
•  Poor oral hygiene: Failure to brush, floss and rinse your teeth regularly can turn the film of plaque on your teeth into tartar. Tartar can only be cleaned by a professional dentist and can cause gum recession if left untreated.
•  Hormonal changes: Hormonal fluctuations in women, such as during pregnancy, puberty, or menopause, can heighten gum sensitivity and increase the risk of gum recession.
•  Teeth grinding: Grinding or clenching your teeth can exert undue pressure on them, which may cause your gums to recede.
•  Misaligned bite: Crooked or misaligned teeth can put extra pressure on the gums and bones, making the gums pull away.
•  Lip or tongue piercing: Jewelry can rub against the gums, making the tissue wear away.
•  Tobacco consumption: Smoking or using tobacco products can cause plaque to form over your teeth, which may ultimately cause gum recession.


Treatment for Gum Recession


There are several treatment options for gum recession. Your dentist will carefully analyze your condition and suggest the best solution for your case. The two most popular courses of treatment are:

Deep Cleaning


Early signs of gum recession can be tackled by a professional deep cleaning. This is also known as root planing and scaling. The procedure involves eliminating bacteria from the gaps between your gums and teeth. This helps get rid of the infection and allows your gums to heal.

Gum Graft


If your gums feel sensitive and the recession is increasingly apparent, your dentist may suggest a gum graft to rectify the issue by replacing lost tissue. Gum grafting is a surgical process where a small portion of tissue is taken from one area, like the roof of the mouth, and then transferred to the site where the gums have pulled away.

In order to steer clear of gum recession, make sure you maintain good oral hygiene, avoid smoking, and wear a mouthguard at night if you have the habit of grinding your teeth. If you are experiencing redness or sensitivity in your gums, schedule an appointment with us at San Tan Oral Surgery by calling us at (480) 604-2592 today.
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San Tan Oral Surgery, 3303 S. Lindsay Rd. Suite 112, Gilbert, AZ 85297-1504 - (480) 604-2592 - santanoralsurgery.com - 9/19/2021 - Page Terms:oral surgeon Gilbert AZ - oral surgeon Gilbert AZ -